The working hypothesis for collective bargaining was a linear reduction of 50% in tariffs, with the smallest number of exceptions. A long-term argument has developed about the trade effects of a uniform linear reduction on the dispersed rates (low tariffs and high rates quite far away) of the United States compared to the much more concentrated rates of the EEC, which also tended to be under the ownership of U.S. tariffs. Following the UK`s vote to leave the European Union, proponents of leaving the European Union proposed that Article 24, paragraph 5B of the treaty could be used to maintain a „stalemate“ in trade conditions between the UK and the EU if the UK left the EU without a trade deal, thereby preventing the imposition of tariffs. Proponents of this approach believe that it could be used to implement an interim agreement until a final agreement of up to ten years is negotiated.  Territorial Application – Border Traffic – Customs Union and Free Trade Areas (b) Real value should be the real value at which, in normal commercial transactions, such goods or similar products are sold or offered at a time and place determined by the legislation of the importing country, under fully competitive conditions. To the extent that the price of these or other similar products is determined by the quantity in a given transaction, the price to be considered should be consistent with (i) comparable quantities or (ii) quantities that are no less favourable to importers than the quantities in which the larger volume of goods is sold in trade between exporting and importing countries. that their trade and economic relations should not be less favourable than those in which the greater volume of goods is sold in trade between exporting and importing countries. with the aim of improving living standards, ensuring full employment and effective real income and demand, developing the full use of global resources and increasing the production and exchange of goods, (i) the highest comparable price for similar product exported to a third country in normal trade operations, or 4. Contracting parties cannot, through trade measures, defeat the provisions of this agreement or the provisions of the International Monetary Fund through trade measures.