The IA-CEPA contains clauses relating to bilateral free trade, investments, qualification visas, investor arbitration procedures, e-commerce and intellectual property protection.  Under the agreement, Indonesia will lift tariffs on almost all Australian products exported to Indonesia, while all Indonesian products exported to Australia will be duty-free.  Australian companies could hold a majority stake in Indonesian telecommunications, transportation, health and energy companies. In addition, the number of working holiday visas issued each year in Donesier would increase from 1,000 to 4,100 (then to 5,000 by 2026, and Australian universities could open Indonesian campuses.  The Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) is a bilateral agreement ratified between Australia and Indonesia in March 2019 and by Indonesia in February 2020. The agreement contains a free trade agreement that removes tariffs on almost all goods traded between the two countries, as well as easing investment rules in Indonesia for Australian businesses and increasing the quota for Indonesians seeking vocational training in Australia. The IA-CEPA builds on the benefits of the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) agreement, which will be continued in parallel with the IA-CEPA. Importers and exporters have the opportunity to choose the agreement that is best for them. China`s inflection point in the implementation of these threats appears to be linked to Australia`s support for an independent investigation into the origins of SARS-CoV-2. But there is also a greater trend in China`s relations with the West. It is clear that the „wall of fire“ that many countries have maintained between the economic and political aspects of their relations with China is no longer tenable as Beijing tries to achieve its geopolitical objectives. Two-way investments between Australia and Indonesia were estimated at $6.7 billion in 2018, Australian investments in Indonesia at $5.6 billion and Indonesian investments in Australia at $1.1 billion.
Six rounds of negotiations between the two countries have been held until February 2017 and both Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Indonesian President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) have pledged to end talks by the end of the year in March 2017.  Negotiations under way during the year did not conclude the agreement until the end of 2017, which was 10 cycles until November.  In March 2018, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi acknowledged that negotiators were still trying to resolve some of the issues and postponed the deadline until the end of 2018.  Indonesian Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita wanted to sign the agreement in April 2018.  This year will be a difficult year for trade. The COVID 19 pandemic resulted in an unprecedented cessation of activity. The shock is two-way and affects both supply and demand. Travel restrictions and measures of social disintegration have disrupted the basic instruments of international trade: travel, personal meetings and major events. Supply chains are collapsing. Australia offers considerable opportunities to develop its trade, investment and economic relations with Indonesia. Under the IA-CEPA, 99% of Australian products will arrive in Indonesia duty-free (in value) or under significantly improved preferential regimes. The AI-CEPA will also support the strengthening of value chains between Australian and Indonesian companies and ensure that Australia is well positioned to strengthen economic cooperation and participate in Indonesia`s growth.